Ruane Center for the Humanities LL18
Ph.D. - Medieval Studies University of Toronto
I research the use of literature as a model for imitation and emulation by historical figures, past and present. More specifically, I analyze how post-Conquest kings of England have emulated and otherwise used the legendary King Arthur of Britain for political gain, and how this activity has in turn impacted depictions of Arthur in literature. In my monograph, Arthurianism in Early Plantagenet England: Henry II to Edward I (2019), I illustrate how “medievalism” was already being practiced in the twelfth century by Anglo-Normans interested in the ancient (to them) past of the sixth-century Briton, King Arthur.
Area(s) of Expertise:
Arthurian and Chivalric Literature;
Medieval English Chronicles;
Medieval English Political Culture
As a teacher of the humanities, my mission is to design and conduct courses that offer students the twin advantages of benefit and enjoyment (prodesse et delectare). I provide students with the conceptual vocabulary they need in order to assess not only what literature can reveal about its author and the milieu in which it was written, but also about the concerns that we, as readers, bring to it. I seek to generate student enthusiasm by communicating my own enthusiasm for the material. I also strive to explain content in ways that are relatable and compelling. As much as possible, I highlight real world analogies. For example, when lecturing on the Exeter Book Elegies and their focus on the themes of loneliness and the transience of life, I call attention to moments of frightening change that we have all experienced, in particular the transition from high school to undergraduate studies. I also weave pop culture references into my presentations. When discussing intertextuality, narrative continuity, and plot motifs in the great medieval prose romance cycles, I draw parallels to the sequels and prequels of today’s feature film series and cinematic universes. I show by example that old texts can lend insight into the daily challenges we encounter and that old stories remain part of the fabric of contemporary culture.
My overall objective is to create a safe and stimulating learning environment that inspires students to regard the study of literature as a source of comfort and pleasure as well as a path by which they may identify and attain their life goals. I seek to instill in my students three practical lessons. First, close reading and critical thinking exercises are effective preparation not only for further academic study, but also for navigating through all the fine print and red tape of this world; second, practice in academic writing assists in self-expression and the articulation of wishes and abilities; and third, assignment stipulations and deadlines, although they may seem arbitrary, are a fact of life and that by practicing time management and self-discipline we can surmount these hurdles. By the structure of my course and by the example of my teaching I illustrate that a humanities education leads to personal empowerment.
Berard, C. (2020) King Arthur’s Charter: A Thirteenth-Century French Satire Against Bretons. Journal of the International Arthurian Society.(8), 3-37.
Berard, C. (2020) Once and Future History: Textual Borrowing in an Account of the First War of Scottish Independence. Arthurian Literature.(XXXV), 44–116.
Berard, C. (2019) Arthurianism in Early Plantagenet England: From Henry II to Edward I. Woodbridge: Boydell Press
Berard, C. (2016) Edward III's Abandoned Order of the Round Table Revisited: Political Arthurianism after Poitiers. Arthurian Literature.(XXXIII), 70–109.
Berard, C. (2016) King Arthur and the Canons of Laon. Arthuriana.(26), 91-119.
Berard, C. (2012) Edward III's Abandoned Order of the Round Table. Arthurian Literature.(XXIX), 1–40.
Berard, C. Rhode Island Medieval Circle Lecture. Brown University: Program in Medieval Studies, Providence, RI - "King Arthur's Charter: A Thirteenth-Century French Satire Against Bretons" October, 2019
Berard, C. Forty-Eighth Wordsworth Summer Conference. Wordsworth Conference Foundation, Rydal Hall, Cumbria, UK - "Richard Hole's Arthur; or, the Northern Enchantment: An Arthurian Oddity in Wordsworth's Library" August, 2019
Berard, C. 53rd International Congress of Medieval Studies. Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, St. Louis University, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan - "Arthurian Ethics of War and Pierre de Langtoft’s Chronicle" May, 2018
Berard, C. 51st International Congress of Medieval Studies. Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan - "'De rotunda tabula prohibenda:’ Squaring the Circle of Medieval Round Tables" May, 2016
Berard, C. 50th International Congress of Medieval Studies. Department of Celtic Languages and Literatures, Harvard University, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan - "Whom does ‘Arthur’s Letter’ serve? A diplomatic analysis of a mock letter attributed to King Arthur" May, 2015
Berard, C. New Perspectives on Gerald of Wales: Texts and Contexts. Department of Celtic Languages and Literatures and the Standing Committee on Medieval Studies, Harvard University, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - "Hic iacet Arthurus: Gerald of Wales and the discovery of the tomb of King Arthur" April, 2015
Berard, C. 24th Triennial Congress of the International Arthurian Society. International Arthurian Society, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania - "Hanc legem Arthurus inuenit: King Arthur in the ‘London Collection’ of the Laws of England" July, 2014
Berard, C. 7th International Conference on the Medieval Chronicle. Medieval Chronicle Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK - "Once and Future History: Galfridian Borrowings in a St Albans Chronicle Fragment" July, 2014